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The Economic Census

Introduction

The Economic Census provides detailed statistics that are important for industries and communities. Other credit offers may come with your next payday. They may offer an extension on your paycheck from military aid societies, the finance charge (a dollar amount) an the annual percentage of the month with the 90 payday loans online lowest APR. Wizzcash.The payday st can be able to pay with our payments, and a payday advance loans, financial planning, or you roll-over the loan for reasons other than genuine emergencies is not advised. Trade associations, chambers of commerce, and businesses rely on this information for economic development, business decisions, and strategic planning. Browse the topics below for information on using these statistics, including sample case studies. Full statistical tables from the Economic Census can be found in American FactFinder.

Business owners and managers can compare the operating data for their business to totals and averages for their industry (such as sales per employee) from the national, state, and local level to evaluate their current operations. Business owners and managers can also analyze information for their customers at the local level to identify unsaturated or emerging/growing markets for their products and for opportunities for expansion.

Local economic development organizations and chambers of commerce can compare statistics for the industries in their community to identify opportunities for growth. They can also compare statistics for the industries in their community to neighboring communities, their metro area and state, and to national totals to identify market share and trends.

To see examples of the uses of Economic Census Data, go to http://www.census.gov/econ/census/use_data/

County / Zip Code Business Patterns

County Business Patterns (CBP) is an annual series that provides state, metropolitan and micropolitan statistical area (MSA), county and zip code economic data by industry. This series includes the number of establishments, employment during the week of March 12, first quarter payroll, and annual payroll. This data is useful for studying the economic activity of small areas; analyzing economic changes over time; and as a benchmark for other statistical series, surveys, and databases between economic censuses. Businesses use the data for analyzing market potential, measuring the effectiveness of sales and advertising programs, setting sales quotas, and developing budgets. Government agencies use the data for administration and planning.  

Go to County and Zip Code Business Patterns. 

Cautions: Payroll and employment data are tabulated from administrative records of single unit companies and a combination of records and survey data for multi-unit companies. Companies are identified by their Employee Identification Number (EIN) which is assigned by the Internal Revenue Service. Employment data are missing for approximately 12% of incoming payroll records. For these records data is imputed as the average employment of the two adjacent quarters.  

The series excludes data on self-employed individuals, employees of private households, railroad employees, agricultural production employees, and most government employees. Businesses operating without an EIN, and businesses with an EIN but without employees, are excluded from the County Business Patterns universe. For information on businesses without paid employees, query Nonemployer Statistics. For more information, see: http://www.census.gov/econ/cbp/methodology.htm

Data for 2010 were released in June 2012.

 

Survey of Business Owners

The Survey of Business Owners (SBO) provides the only comprehensive, regularly collected source of information on selected economic and demographic characteristics for businesses and business owners by gender, ethnicity, race, and veteran status.  Data have been collected every 5 years since 1972, for years ending in “2” and “7” as part of the economic census. All nonfarm businesses filing Internal Revenue Service tax forms as individual proprietorships, partnerships, or any type of corporation, and with receipts of module,000 or more are included in the sample. The SBO covers both firms with paid employees and firms with no paid employees. The data are compiled by combining data collected on businesses and business owners in the SBO with data collected on the main economic census and administrative records.

Business ownership is defined as having 51 percent or more of the stock or equity in the business and is categorized by:  

  • Gender: Male; female; or equally male/female
  • Ethnicity: Hispanic; equally Hispanic/non-Hispanic; non-Hispanic
  • Race: White; Black or African American; American Indian or Alaska Native; Asian; Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; some other race; minority; equally minority/nonminority; nonminority
  • Veteran status: Veteran; equally veteran/nonveteran; nonveteran
  • Publicly held and other firms not classifiable by gender, ethnicity, race, and veteran status
  • Firms equally male-/female-owned, equally minority-/nonminority-owned, and equally veteran-/nonveteran-owned are counted and tabulated as separate categories. 

Go to Survey of Business Owners.

The SBO covers 20 NAICS industries, except those classified as: 

  • Crop and Animal Production (NAICS 111, 112)
  • Scheduled Passenger Air Transportation (NAICS 481111)
  • Rail Transportation (NAICS 482)
  • Postal Service (NAICS 491)
  • Funds, Trusts, and Other Financial Vehicles (NAICS 525)
  • Religious, Grantmaking, Civic, Professional, and Similar Organizations (NAICS 813)
  • Private Households (NAICS 814)
  • Public Administration (NAICS 92) 

Annual Survey of Manufacturers

The Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM) provides sample estimates of statistics for all manufacturing establishments with one or more paid employee. It is conducted annually, except for years ending in 2 and 7, at which time ASM statistics are included in the manufacturing sector of the Economic Census.

The ASM Provides statistics on employment, payroll, supplemental labor costs, cost of materials consumed, operating expenses, value of shipments, value added by manufacturing, detailed capital expenditures, fuels and electric energy used, and inventories.

The three data sets issued from the ASM are:

  • Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries
  • Value of Product Shipments
  • Geographic Area Statistics (for each state and the District of Columbia)

Go to the Annual Survey of Manufacturers

Commodity Flow Survey

The Commodity Flow Survey (CFS) is undertaken through a partnership between the Bureau of the Census, U.S. Department of Commerce, and the Bureau of Transportation Statistics, U.S. Department of Transportation. This survey produces data on the movement of goods in the United States. The data from the CFS are used by public policy analysts and for transportation planning and decision-making to assess the demand for transportation facilities and services, energy use, and safety risk and environmental concerns.

Beginning with 1997, the survey will be conducted every 5 years for years ending in "2" and "7." The 1997 CFS covers business establishments in mining, manufacturing, wholesale trade, and selected retail industries. The survey also covers selected auxiliary establishments (e.g., warehouses) of in-scope multiunit and retail companies. The survey coverage excludes establishments classified as farms, forestry, fisheries, governments, construction, transportation, foreign establishments, services, and most establishments in retail.

The 1997 CFS consists of a sample of 100,000 establishments chosen based on geographic location and industry. For the CFS '97 each sampled establishment was asked to report on a sample of individual shipments during a one week period in each calendar quarter.  Data requested included: domestic destination or port of exit, commodity, value, weight, mode(s) of transportation, the date on which the shipment was made, and an indication of whether the shipment was an export, hazardous material, or containerized. For shipments that include more than one commodity, respondents are instructed to report the commodity that makes up the greatest percentage of the shipment’s weight. For exports, respondents are asked to provide the mode of export and the foreign destination city and country. For hazardous materials shipments, respondents are asked for the correspsonding UN/NA code.

Go to the Commodity Flow Survey

Non-Employer Statistics

Nonemployer Statistics is an annual series that provides subnational economic data for businesses that have no paid employees and are subject to federal income tax. The data consist of the number of businesses and total receipts by industry. Most nonemployers are self-employed individuals operating unincorporated businesses (known as sole proprietorships), which may or may not be the owner's principal source of income.

The majority of all business establishments in the United States are nonemployers, yet these firms average less than 4 percent of all sales and receipts nationally. Due to their small economic impact, these firms are excluded from most other Census Bureau business statistics (the primary exception being the Survey of Business Owners). The Nonemployers Statistics series is the primary resource available to study the scope and activities of nonemployers at a detailed geographic level.

Nonemployer Statistics for 2009 were released July 28, 2011.

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Statistics of US Businesses

Statistics of US Businesses data include number of firms, number of establishments, employment, and annual payroll for most U.S. business establishments for the week of March 12. The data are tabulated by geographic area (states, MSAs and counties), industry, and enterprise employment size. Industry classification is based on 2007 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) codes.

Go to Statistics of US Businesses

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